architect - designer (1902 - 1981)
Marcel Breuer architect and designer, born in Pecs, Hungary in 1902 and died in New York in 1981.
In the early twenties he studied at the Bauhaus school (carpentry course). After a period of training at an architecture firm in Paris, back at the Bauhaus school as a teacher. From 1925 to 1928 directs the laboratory of the cabinet (carpenter).
Protected by Walter Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus, Marcel Breuer personified many of the distinctive principles of the School and was one of the most famous students of the Institute.
Start designing modern furniture made of tubular metal, including its famous sessions. Designs of the Bauhaus in Dessau inetrni sli (1925/26) and the home of Piscator in Berlin in 1927.
From 1935 to 1937 he worked in London, studying at FRS Yorke. Since 1937, he moved to Harvard University, where and professor of architecture.
From 1938 to 1941 and in the studio with Walter Gropius. In 1952 he collaborated with Pier Luigi Nervi and Bernard Zerfhuss the design of the UNESCO building in Paris. In 1956 he opened a studio Marcel Breuer and Associates. It was an important exponent of the modern movement.
His focus is on architecture and move after working privately, was a professor at Harvard's School of Design, along with Gropius.
He helped lay the foundations for a new, modern living culture. His fame and continued well beyond the twenties, and considered one of the most important designers and interior designers of the twentieth century.
Breuer also had the honor of being the first architect celebrated with an exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
The Wassily chair was named after his roommate at the Bauhaus, Wassily Kandinsky, the Cesca chair by his daughter Francesca.
Among the most significant projects:
Wassily Chair (1925) - chair - Knoll
Chair with structure in chromed steel rod and welded. Seat, back and armrests in leather.
Cesca Chair (1928) - Chair - Knoll
Frame in tubular steel with a thickness of 25 mm with a chrome finish. The Cesca chair is available that is fully upholstered seat and back stuffed.
Interlocking tables, model N ° B9 (1925/26) - Thonet
Frame in tubular steel and lacquered plywood floors, cm. 60.7 x 66 x 38.7